50+ Fascinating Facts About Mangoes | Fruitofy
50+ Fascinating Facts About Mangoes

Mango, a genuine tropical delight, is the most popular fruit in the world. It is consumed both raw and in a variety of cuisines – sweet and savory dishes, smoothies, cocktails, desserts, salads, etc. Mango is one of the sweetest, pulpiest, and juiciest fruits on the planet. The delectable fruit is an incredibly flavorful gift of the summer season for the tropical and subtropical regions, especially South Asia and Latin America. Mango is known as a ‘superfood’ or ‘superfruit’ due to its rich taste and immense nutritional value. Yet, it is also an amazing fruit owing to its numerous fascinating facts.

Alexander the Great, Mughal Emperors, and several South Asian kings and nobles – along with religions like Buddhism and Hinduism – were inclined a lot towards mangoes compared to all other fruits, which is one of the many reasons behind its title ‘King of Fruits.’ Below is a comprehensive list of exciting and fascinating facts, including Fun Facts, Historical Facts, Myths, Legends and Cultural Facts, Origin & Facts about Mango Tree, and Health and Nutrition Facts about mangoes.

Fun Facts

  • Mango is the most popular and the most consumed fruit in the world.
  • The tropical gem is the national fruit of Pakistan, India, and the Phillippines.
  • Mango is abundantly cultivated fruits in tropical regions.
  • India is the mango capital of the world as it produces the most mangoes in the world. India produces nearly half of the world’s mangoes. Yet, it accounts for less than 1% of the international mango trade as it consumes most of the produce.
  • Mango is famously known as the ‘King of Fruits.’
  • It is considered a symbol of love in India.
  • Since 2010, the Mango Tree is the national tree of Bangladesh.
  • The famous curved-teardrop-shaped ‘Paisley Pattern’ imitates the shape of a mango.
  • The heaviest mango was 3.435 kg, grown in the Philippines.

Mango Ripening Facts

  • A new mango tree takes up to four years to bear fruits. The flowers are small and white with five petals. The fruit takes about three (3) to six (6) months to ripen. It mostly ripens in the summer season.
  • The best way to check whether a mango is ripe or not is by feeling it with hands. Its color is not the best indicator of its ripeness. Squeeze the fruit gently to determine its maturity. A ripe mango squeezes slightly, and a firm ‘yet-unripe’ mango will ripen at room temperature in a few days. You can speed up the ripening by putting mangoes in a paper bag at room temperature.
  • You can move the ripe mangoes to the refrigerator to slow down further ripening.

Eating Mangoes

  • In Latin America, street vendors sell mango on a stick.
  • You can eat raw mango with salt, lime juice, and chili powder to give it a unique flavor.
  • Mango is a natural tenderizer, which makes it ideal for marinades.
  • Mango is amazingly versatile as you can eat it in many forms, i.e., Raw, Smoothies, Cocktails, Jams & Jellies, Salads, Salsa, Sauces (Chutneys), Desserts, with Meat, Chicken & Fish, etc. You can check out some of the most popular recipes here.

Mango Varieties and Sources

  • Mango becomes available in the subcontinent each summer. However, the heavenly fruit is available in the US throughout the year as America imports mangoes from different regions – mostly South America.
  • Mangoes now have hundreds of varieties (courtesy of selective breeding, genetic modification, and grafting). They vary in taste, shapes, sizes, and colors – yellow, green, orange, and red.
  • In Asia, popular varieties include Alphonso, Benishaan, Kesar, Chaunsa, Rataul, Tota Puri, Langda, Safeda, Kesariya, Dashehari, Langra, Sindhri, Anwarataul. Some of the famous mango varieties in the West include Haden, Tommy Atkins, Keitt, Kent, Ataulfo, and Francis.

Historical Facts

  • The Portuguese gave the mango its name, which originates from the Tamil word ‘Maanga’ or ‘Mangkay.’
  • Mughal emperors, Alexander the Great, South Asian kings and nobles, Buddhist monks, and the majority of the natives loved mangoes.
  • In the subcontinent, mango trees were only allowed in the Royal Gardens until Shahjahan lifted the restriction on mangoes.
  • Kings and nobles of Southeast Asia kept their private mango groves as it was a symbol of social status and pride at the time.
  • Buddha meditated under a mango tree in the mango groves. And the Buddhist monks carried mangoes on their long journeys. Many people believe that these monks introduced the mango to Malaysia and east Asia in 5 century BC.
  • Mango is one of the oldest fruits native to South Asia. Mango trees date back to over 5000 years.
  • Amir Khusrau, the famous Persian poet of the 13th century, called the mango ‘the fairest fruit of Hindustan.’

Myths, Legends, and Cultural Facts

  • In Hinduism, ripe mango symbolizes attainment as Lord Ganesha often holds it.
  • According to some Hindu scriptures, Mango (Surya Bai) is the daughter of Sun God – Surya.
  • In ancient times in India, mangoes were considered a sign of prosperity, and people planted them on the pathways to bless these paths.
  • Some Asian countries use mango leaves in weddings as they believe that the leaves help the couple bear more children. In several cultures, people use mango fruit and leaves for decoration at weddings, celebrations, and ceremonies.
  • According to some Hinduism scriptures, the mango tree grants wishes. People also believe that hanging mango leaves at entrances of buildings during several festivals blesses them.

Origin and Facts about Mango Tree

  • Mango is a ‘Drupe’ or a ‘Stone Fruit,’ characterized by its outer skin, fleshy edible portion, and a central stone or pit enclosing a single seed. Some examples of drupes are olive, plums, cherry, peach, and dates.
  • The mango tree – Mangifera Indica – is an evergreen tree that is a member of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) of flowering plants. Mangoes are related to cashews and pistachios.
  • The mango tree originated in South Asia – Eastern India, Burma, and the Andaman Islands along the Bay of Bengal.
  • Mango trees can survive a couple of hundred years in the wild.
  • The oldest known mango tree found in East Khandesh is three hundred (300) years old.
  • A new mango tree will bear fruits after four years.
  • A mango tree can grow as high as 115–130 ft.
  • Mango trees have an incredibly long life with some specimens bearing fruits even after 300 years.
  • Mango seeds traveled to the Middle East, Africa, and South America around 300-400 AD.
  • The Persians brought the mango to the Middle East and Africa.
  • The Portuguese and the Spaniards took it to the West Indies (the Caribbeans), Mexico, Brazil, and Latin America.
  • In the United States, the mango reached in the 19th century.

Health and Nutrition Facts

  • Mangoes help prevent diseases like heat stroke and certain cancers. They assist in managing diabetes. They boost the immune system, skin health, eyesight, and they help in smooth digestion and weight loss. Apart from these, mangoes have a ton of other health benefits.
  • You shouldn’t burn the debris, leaves, and wood of mango trees. These can release toxic fumes, which can irritate the lungs and eyes.
  • Mango or Mangifera Indica has been an essential herb in the ‘Ayurvedic’ and some indigenous medical systems for more than 4000 years.
  • Many folk remedies employ mango’s bark, leaves, skin, and pit.
  • The oils from the leaves, skin, and tree sap may produce ‘Contact Dermatitis’ – skin allergy usually caused by latex and similar materials – in sensitive individuals.
  • Some herbal treatments prescribe mangoes to increase virility in men because mangoes contain vitamin E.
  • Mangoes are low in calories and rich in nutrients, boasting a ton of nutritional benefits. One (1) cup of mango contains a hundred (100) calories.
  • Mango is considered a reservoir of vitamin C.
  • One mango provides the daily required levels of nutrition – 100% vitamin C – 35% vitamin A – 12% Fiber.
  • Green mangoes are more abundant in vitamin C, whereas; ripe mangoes contain more vitamin A.

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